Nashville (English) Nashville) is a city in Tennessee, the United States. It is the capital of the state and the county office of Davidson County. It is the second largest city in the state after Memphis in the southeastern United States. It's located on the Camberland River, which flows north of the central part of the state. It is the center of music, medicine, publishing, banking and transportation, and it has many universities. The headquarters of the Supreme Court of Tennessee and the Central Tennessee courts. Known as the center of the music industry, it is nicknamed "Music City." It is one of the leading world cities in the southeast of the United States, and is described as Gamma City in the "Globalization and World Urban Research Network" (GaWC), which was published in the United Kingdom in 2019.
Metropolitan Government of
Nashville and Davidson County
From top left: On Second Street, the Kirkland Hall of Vanderbilt University, the Parthenon, the entire downtown area, the Nissan Stadium, the Dolly Parton and the Lyman Hall in "Grand All Aupley"
|Nickname: Music City, Athens in the South|
Nashville City Location (Tennessee)
|Coordinates: 36 degrees, 10 minutes, 00 seconds north latitude and 86 degrees, 47 minutes, 00 seconds west longitude / 36.16667 degrees north latitude and 86.78333 degrees west longitude / 36.16667 degrees; -86.78333|
|date of establishment||1806|
|mayor||John Cooper |
|City||1,362.2 km2 (525.94 mi2)|
|land||1,305.4 km2 (504.03 mi2)|
|water surface||56.7 km2 (21.91 mi2)|
|Elevation||182 m (597 ft)|
|population||(as of 2017)|
|population density||480/km2 (1,300/mi2)|
|equal time||Central Standard Time (UTC-6)|
|daylight saving time||Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)|
|area code||615,629 (English)|
|Official website: www.nashville.gov|
Since 1963, Gun and City governments have merged, including six small local governments. 35 out of 40 members are selected from each district and 5 members are selected from the whole. According to a 2017 U.S. regional survey, the population was 691,243, and 634,464, excluding semi-independent cities. The population of the Nashville metropolitan area in 2017, which consists of 13 counties, is 1,903,045, the largest statistical area in the state. In 2015, the Nashville Davidson County, Marfreesboro Columbia metropolitan Area had 2,027,489 people.
It was located on the Cumberland River, a tributary of the Ohio River, and flourished as a trading base at first. On First Street along the river, there is a building that retains the historical appearance of the city ordinance, and therefore retains the look of the old warehouse. It became one of the battlefields in the Civil War. There is a building modeled after the Parthenon in Athens, Greece, and it is also known as "Athens in the South."
Today, Nashville, along the Cumberland River, is a crossroads of American culture and the fastest-growing city in Appland South. The music industry has developed as the center of country music, and there are related museums that hold many events. Music Row, located in the southwest of the downtown area, houses nearly 200 large and small music studios, and the Gay Road Opriland Resort and Convention Center, located on the north side of the city, is popular as a resort with country music as its theme.
In the industry, machinery, food and chemical industries are developing as the economic and financial center of the area. In the surrounding towns, there are motor factories such as GM Saturn Factory and Nissan Smana Factory. In the west is Vanderbilt University, a famous Southern family.
The office of the representative of the Nashville office, which was established in January 2008, was upgraded to the Japanese Consulate General in the same year. As a result, the Japanese Consulate General in New Orleans was abolished. In the same year, the head office of Nissan USA was moved from California.
In 1779, James Robertson, John Donnell (father of Rachel Jackson) and Over Mountain Men laid the foundation for the Nashville settlement. They first called the settlement Fort Nashboro after Francis Nash, a hero of the American Revolution. Facing the Cumberland River, a tributary of the Ohio River, Nashville developed rapidly because it was convenient for transportation and distribution, and later became a key point of railway transportation. In 1800, 136 African-American slaves and 345 people were born, including 14 free black people. Nashville became a city in 1806 and became the county office of Davidson County. In 1843, he became the permanent capital of Tennessee.
By the time the Civil War broke out in 1861, Nashville was one of the major cities in the south. In the Civil War, it became strategically important to seize Nashville, an important point for water transportation and rail transportation, and in February 1862, Tennessee fell into the hands of the U.S. Army (Northern Army) for the first time in the capital of the Southern Allies, and was occupied by the Northern Army. The overwhelming victory of the Northern Army in the battle of Nashville from December 15 to 16, 1864, is considered the most decisive tactical victory. This was considered the last major military action in the Civil War, and after that, it became a consumable war, including guerrillas and small skirmishes, and the Southern Army retreated one after another to Deep South.
The Civil War had a major impact on the Nashville economy, but as the war ended, Nashville rapidly redeveloped. In the years following the war, Nashville regained its position as a key point of water and rail transport, and its manufacturing industry developed. A classical mansion that still remains around downtown shows the prosperity of Nashville in the late 19th century.
In 1925, the opening of the Grand All Open, and the publishing industry, which had already been well-developed at that time, decided its role as a source for country music.
Around 1950, the State Council agreed to the single-seat electoral system in the election of members, rather than selecting it from the whole, in consideration of the small-population local bodies. As a result, in some districts, black population was a majority. Two African-American lawyers were elected as city councilors for the first time since a single-seat constituency system was implemented in 1952 and the State Council stripped the Black American right to vote in 1911.
After World War II, the country became more suburban rapidly, and many facilities, such as new schools, were needed. In addition, it was necessary for many suburban residents to revise the tax system by using the facilities that were set up with the tax on residents in the city. After several years of discussion, a referendum was held in 1958 by city and county. Despite recommendations from Davibury Brie, Judge of Davidson County, and Nashville Mayor Ben West, they were unable to agree.
After being rejected by a referendum, Nashville merged the 42 square miles of land in the suburbs to raise tax revenue. This increased the mistrust of the residents and caused anger among the suburban population. In 1962, the government reached an agreement under the Charter of the Metropolitan Government and proposed the provision of two stages of service: the General Service Area and the Urban Service Area, which have different taxes. Residents of the Urban Service District were granted all city services, and the General Services District was denied all services if the tax was set low.
In 1963, the county office and city hall of Davidson County were merged into the first big city in the United States to form a metropolitan government. The number of members of the Metropolitan Assembly in Japan is increased from 21 to 40, and 35 members are selected from the single-seat districts and 5 members are selected from the total.
It has been growing remarkably since the 1970s, and is one of the fastest growing cities in Appland South. In the 1990s, when the economy continued to boom, under the urban redevelopment policy of Phil Bredecen (English), who was then mayor and later became governor of the state, the renovation of the National Museum of Country Music, the Nashville Public Library located in downtown Tokyo, the Bridgestone Arena, and the Nissan Stadium, which were the symbols of Nashville.
The Bridgestone Arena, which used to be called the Nashville Arena, the Gaylord Entertainment Center, and the Sommett Center, was built as the home ground of the large concert hall and the NHL or NBA team, and became the home ground of the Nashville Predator, which was newly added when the NHL expanded the number of teams in 1997. Since 2003, the company has been operating a play-off every year, leaving two games behind. The Nissan Stadium, once called Adelfia Coliseum and LP Field, was built in 1995 when Houston Euler agreed to move to Nashville. In 1998, the team debuted at the stadium at Vanderbilt University, and in the summer of 1999, Nissan Stadium (LP Field at the time) opened as its base. The team changed its name to Tennessee Titans, ended the season in Music City Miracle (English), fought against St. Louis Ramps at the 34th Super Bowl, and lost on the 4th day.
Recovery from the global recession in 2009 was relatively rapid. According to the Gallup Survey in March 2012, Nashville ranked fifth in the United States in the list of job opportunities by region. In 2013, according to the "GQ" magazine, the "Forbes" magazine, and the "New York Times" magazine, Nashville was called "Naeville" or "It's a hot city."
The first female governor, Megan Barry, was elected on September 25, 2015. As a councilor, Barry held Nashville's first same-sex wedding on June 26, 2015.
In 2017, the business world of Nashville ranked third among the cities with outstanding growth nationwide, and in the same year, the Federal Housing Finance Corporation called the "Japan's most popular real estate market".
Nashville is located in the northwestern part of the Nashville basin and faces the Cumberland River. The altitude ranges from about 120m (385 feet) above sea level to 350m (1,160 feet) at the highest point.
According to the United States Statistical Bureau, the city has a total area of 1,367km2 (527.9 mi2). The land area of 1,305km2 (504.0mi2) and the water area is 62km2 (23.9 mi2) and makes up 4.53% of the total area.
In the climate division of Keppen, it belongs to a warm wet climate (Cfa). There is a short mild winter and a mild summer. Generally, the winter and spring are wet and the most dry is autumn. The average monthly temperature varies from 3.2°C (37.7°F) in January to 26.3°C (79.4°F) in July, and the difference between the daytime temperatures is 10.1°C (18.2°F) to 12.8°C (23.0°F). The amount of snow in winter is not so much, and the average amount of snow is 16 cm (6.3 inches), and there is snow in January and February and occasionally in March and December. The record heavy snow after 2000 was 18 cm (7 inches) on January 16, 2003, and the 43cm (17 inches) of March 17, 1892 was the highest snowfall due to one storm before that. The amount of rainfall is high in November, December and Spring, and from August to October it does not rain very much. Spring and autumn are easy to spend, warm, but heavy thunderstorms are easy to rain, and sometimes tornado occurs. A record tornado in recent years occurred on April 16, 1998, April 7, 2006, February 5, 2008, April 10, 2009 and May 2, 2010. The relative humidity is at 83% average in the southeastern United States in the morning and at 60% in the afternoon, which is moderate to the average level in the southeast. Over the past decades, urban development has caused heat island phenomenon, and on cooler nights, in the heart of the city, it's up to 10°C higher than in the suburbs. The U.S. Department of Agriculture's plant-resistant classification is 7a.
In the long spring and fall of Nashville, a wide variety of plants can cause allergies. In 2008, Nashville was ranked 18th most allergic city in the United States by the American Asthma Allergy Foundation.
The minimum temperature was 27°C (-17°F) below freezing point on January 21, 1985, and the maximum temperature was 43°C (109°F) on June 29, 2012.
|Climate of Nashville (Nashville International Airport)|
|Maximum Temperature Record °C (°F)||26 |
|Mean maximum temperature°C (°F)||8.3 |
|Mean Minimum Temperature °C (°F)||-2 |
|Minimum Temperature Recording °C (°F)||-27 |
|Precipitation mm (inch)||95.3 |
|Snowfall cm (inch)||6.1 |
|Average Number of Days of Precipitation ( ≥0.01 in)||10.3||10.3||10.7||10.8||11.7||10.0||10.2||8.4||7.5||8.0||9.8||11.2||118.9|
|Average number of days of snowfall ( ≥0.1 in)||2.1||2.1||0.6||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0.9||5.7|
|average monthly daylight time||139.5||146.9||192.2||231.0||260.4||279.0||279.0||263.5||225.0||217.0||147.0||130.2||2,510.7|
|Source: NOAA (the lowest value, as of 1873), Hong Kong Observatory (daylight hours only, 1961-1990), Weather.com|
In the downtown area of Nashville, you can enjoy entertainment, restaurants, culture and architecture. The Broadway and Second Street have entertainment facilities, nightclubs and various restaurants. North of Broadway is the center of the business, Resister Popular Plaza, Capitol Hill and Vicennial Mall State Park. There are facilities throughout the town where you can enjoy culture and architecture.
In the vicinity of the downtown area, Inter-State Expressway Route 40, Route 65 and Route 24 are provided, allowing the operation to be made to the neighborhood.
The first high rise building, Life & Casual Tower (English version), was completed in 1957 and later a higher rise building was built in downtown. When the AT&T building, commonly known as the "Batman Building" was completed in 1994, construction continued in downtown areas until the mid-2000s. Many new large apartments are currently being built or planned both inside and outside Nashville. In recent years, the Pinnacle (Pinnacle at Symphony Place) (English version) was completed in 2010, and the Bridgestone American Head Office was scheduled to be completed in 2017 from the downtown Skamahon Symphony Center and next to the Country Hall Museum.
Many public facilities have been planned, constructed and completed. In recent years, a new city bus hub and an experimental project, Music City Star Station of the Commuter Railway, were completed downtown. Several public parks, such as Public Square, are being constructed, and the Riverfront Park is scheduled to expand. The Music City Center opened in May 2013 as a trade fair and international forum with a total site area of 110,000 m2 (1.2 million square feet) and a total floor area of 34,000m2 (370,000 square feet).
According to the 2016 U.S. Municipal Government Survey (English version), the population is 667,885. The average population density is 512 per km2 (1,325 per mi2), the number of houses is 294,794, and the density per unit area is 225.8 households/km 2 (584.9 households/mi2).
According to a 2010 census, the population of the city was 65.5% white (58.6% non-Hispanic white), 28.6% African Americans, 0.8% Indigenous, 3.5% Asia, 0.1% Pacific Islands and 1.4% mixed blood. 9.0% of the population is Hispanic or Latino (regardless of race). In 1970, non-Hispanic white accounted for 79.5% of the total.
The population of the Nashville Davidson region, except for the independent cities, is shown in adjusted data.
|black or African american||28.1%||28.6%||24.3%||23.3%||19.6%|
|Hispanic or Latino (regardless of race)||10.1%||9.0%||0.9%||0.8%||0.6%|
|Native Americans and Alaska||0.5%||0.8%||0.2%||0.1%||0.1%|
|Hawaiian Indigenous and Pacific Islands||0.1%||0.1%||N/A||N/A||N/A|
The population lives in 254,651 households and 141,469 families (55.6% of households). 37.2% of the family's families live together, 14.1% are non-married female housewives, and 4.2% are non-married male housewives. Of all households, 27.9% have children under 18 and 18.8% live with one or more people over 65. The breakdown of 44.4% of households that do not live with their families is 36.2% single and 8.2% are single and older. The average number of households is 2.38, and the average number of families is 3.16.
In the city, 22.2% of the population is under 18 years of age, 10.3% of the population is over 28 years of age and 24 years of age, 32.8% of the population is over 25 years of age and 44 years of age and 23.9% of the population is over 45 years of age and 64 years of age, and 10.7% of the population is over 65 years of age. The median age is 34.2 years old. 94.1 men for 100 women and 91.7 men for 100 women or over.
The average annual household income for the city is US$46,141 per household and US$56,377 for family households. The average income was US$36,292 for women against US$41,017 for men and per capita income was US$27,372. 18.2% of the population and 13.9% of the family are below the poverty line. Of the total population, 29.5% of those under 18 years of age and 9.9% of those under 65 years of age live below the poverty line. 33.4% of residents aged 25 or over have degrees equal to or greater than a bachelor's degree.
Due to low prices and high job availability, Nashville has become popular among refugees. In the 10 years since 1990, the immigration population has more than tripled from 12,662 to 39,596. The most common people are Mexicans, Kurds, Vietnamese, Laos, Arabs and Sommari. In Antioch, Tennessee (English), there is a small but Pashtun community from Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Nashville has the largest Kurdish community in the United States, with about 11,000 Kurds. In 2009, about 60,000 Bhutanese refugees crossed over to the United States and some wished to settle in Nashville. In 2005, Nashville was one of the few foreign polling bases in Iraq during the election. The history of Jewish Americans in Nashville dates back to 150 years, with 8,000 residents (2015) and 2,000 Jewish university students
As of 2017, the Nashville metropolitan area is the largest urban area in Tennessee with a population of 13 counties, 1,903,045. Of the 41 counties in central Tennessee, the major statistical areas of Nashville are 13. It includes Canon, Chetam, Davidson, Dixon, Hicon, Macon, Maikon, Robertson, Rutherford, Smith, Smith, Sumner, Trausdale, Williamson and Wilson counties. In 2017, the population of the Nashville Davidson County, Marfreesboro Columbia metropolitan area was 2,027,489.
As a "home ground for country music," Nashville is a major location for recording and production. Like four major record companies, many independent labels have offices in Nashville and mainly in Music Row. Since 1984, Gibson has its head office. As of 2006, the second largest music industry in the United States after New York since the 1960s, Nashville's music industry has hired 19,000 people from the region, producing an economic impact of $6.4 billion a year.
Nashville is known as a music industry and tourist attraction, but its biggest industry is medical care. Nashville has more than 300 medical companies, including Hospital Corporation of America (HCA), the world's largest private hospital owner (in English). As of 2012, 200,000 people were employed in the region, generating $30 billion a year.
In Central Tennessee, the automobile industry is becoming more important. In 2006, the head office of Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. moved from Gardena, California to Franklin, southwest of Nashville. Nissan also owns the largest plant in North America in Sumana. The head office of Bridgestone has been located in Nashville since 1992, and the relocation of the building to downtown and the expansion of business were carried out in 2017. As Nissan and Bridgestone developed, the number of Japanese companies increased around Nashville, and the General Consulate of Japan moved from New Orleans, Louisiana to Palmer Plaza (English version) in Nashville.
Other major industries of Nashville include insurance, finance and publishing (mainly regional publishing). Nashville also has headquarters of Protestant denominations such as the United Methodist Church, the Southern Baptist Federation, the National Baptist Convention USA, and the Evangelical Baptist Mission.
It is known for its popular southern sweets such as Goo Goo Cluster, which was founded in Nashville in 1912.
The Nashville companies listed in Fortune 500 are Dell, HCA and Dollar General (English).
In 2013, Forbes ranked Nashville fifth as a good place for business and career.
number of jobs
The following are the top employers from the 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report of Nashville City.
|#||employer||number of employees|
|1||Vanderbilt University and University Hospital (English)||23,021|
|2||Nashville Davidson County Government (English) and Public School||18,508|
|7||St. Thomas Hospital (English)||6,500|
In the early 20th century, Vanderbilt University was known for the literary group Fusitives and Aglarians, to which John Crowe Ransom, Allen Tate, Robert Penn Warren and others belonged.
The popular tourist spots outside the country are Fort Nashboro (English version), a reproduction of the colonial dwellings, Fort Negri, the battlefield of the Civil War, the Tennessee State Museum, the Parthenon Temple, a large replica of the Parthenon Temple in Athens, and so on. The Tennessee State Capitol is one of the oldest Capitol in the United States that is still in operation. Andrew Jackson's residence, Hermitage, is one of the oldest publicly available presidential residences.
food and drink
Nashville is best known for music, but is also famous for its specialty dishes. Among the most popular specialty dishes are hot chicken, hot fish, barbecue, main dish and three side dishes, meet and three (English). Nashville's gastronomy was ranked 13th in the Travel + Leisure magazine.
Entertainment and Performing Arts
Nashville is full of music and entertainment in various genres. The Tennessee Performing Arts Center is the main venue for the Performing Arts, home to the Tennessee Repertory Theater, Nashville Opera, and Nashville Ballet, as well as the National Tour of the Broadway Musical. In September 2006, the Scarmaphone Symphony Center was established as the home ground of the Nashville Symphony Orchestra.
As the word "Nashville" itself represents the country music industry, country music-related facilities such as the Country Music Hall of Fame Museum, the Belcourt Theater, and the Lyman Public Hall are popular among tourists. Until 1974, it was transferred from downtown to the east of 14 km (9 miles), the Raiman Public Hall broadcast 'Grand All Open' live. At present, "The Grand All Open" is broadcast live several times a week at the Grand All Open House next to Opry Mills, but it is broadcast live from the Leiman Public Hall every winter.
There are many live houses and Honky Tonk's bars in downtown, and this Lower Broadway, Second Avenue and Printers Array (English version) are called "Districts."
Every year, the CMA Music Festival (the former fan fair) is held and thousands of country fans visit Nashville. The Tennessee State Fair (English version) is held every September.
From the 1960s to the 1980s, Nashville Network (English version) and the current RFD-TV (English version) to Hee Haw, Pop! Goes the Country" and other country-related TV programs were broadcast nationwide. Even now, cable TV country music TV, Great American Country (English), is broadcast nationwide. From 1972 to 1997, the amusement park Open Land USA was operated, but after the park closed, it was removed and became the Open Mills of a huge shopping mall.
The contemporary Christian music industry is also based on Nashville's Music Row, affected by neighboring Williamson County. Record companies of this genre include EMI Christian Music Group, Provident Label Group and Word Records.
Music Row's 16th and 17th streets have many gospel-related companies besides contemporary Christian Music.
Although not known as a city of jazz, there are many wonderful jazz bands, including the Nashville Jazz Machine, led by Dave Converse, and the Nashville Jazz Orchestra led by Jim Williamson, as well as the Estabrishment led by Billy Adair. From 1929 to 1945, the Francis Craig Orchestra enjoyed the guests at the Hermitage Hotel's Oak Bar and Grill Room. Craig's orchestra has been on NBC radio for 12 years, as well as WSM-AM on local radio. In the late 1930s, he introduced Dinah Shore, a local newcomer who graduated from Hume Fog High School and Vanderbilt University.
WMOT-FM, a radio station near Marysborough, used to specialize in jazz at the weekend, helping to revive jazz in recent years in Nashville, while the non-profit Nashville Jazz Workshop gives concerts and lectures in a remodeled building in German town, north of the city. The University of Fisk also owns the Jazz Specialty Office WFSK.
It is also popular for stage performances, and several professional and local theaters are active. The major companies are the Nashville Children's Theater, Tennessee Repertory Theater, Nashville Shakespeare Festival, Dance Theater of Tennessee, and Tennessee Women's Theater Project. The Local Theater's Circle Players have been active for over 60 years.
As nicknamed Music City, it is the home of American country and western music. Many tourists go to see the live show "Grand All Open," the world's oldest live show. The Country Music Hall of Fame Museum, popular among country music fans, is one of the highlights. The Gaylord Opriland Resort and Convention Center, the Open Mills of shopping malls, and the General Jackson (English version) shoboat boarding area of the pleasure boat are all commonly known as Music Valley.
The history of the Civil War is one of the important events in Nashville's sightseeing. There are places associated with the Nashville Battle, the Second Battle of Franklin near the city, and the Battle of Stons River, such as Bell Mead Plantation, Kerton and Belmont Mansion.
There are also many museums and museums such as Frist Center for Visual Arts, Teakwood Botanic Garden and Museum of Art, Tennessee State Museum, Johnny Cash Museum, Van Vectun and Aaron Douglas Gallery of Fisk University, Fine Art Gallery and Sarat Vanderbilt University, and the Parthenon Temple of Original Restored Architecture.
- The District - The area in the center of Nashville where the old streets remain.
- Broadway - Country & Western live house, lined with bars.
- Country Music Hall of Fame - Country Music Hall of Fame.
- The Grand Ole Opry - A long-established country music program that is open to the public. It is now opened as a hotel and convention center in the suburbs. Outdoor music events are often held.
- AT&T Building (AT&T Building) - A unique-shaped building, also called Batman Building, and the tallest building in the entire state of Tennessee.
- Nashville Super Speedway - The circuit where NASCAR, IRL, etc. are held.
- Belmont Mansion - A historic mansion.
- Frist Center for Visual Arts - An art museum that utilizes the former post office.
- Music City Center - Convention Center on the south side of Broadway.
- Gaylord Opriland Resort and Convention Center
|Event Name||Time and location|
|Nashville Film Festival||Hundreds of independent films will be shown in April. It is one of the largest film festivals in southern America.|
|Nashville Fashion Week||Mainly in March or April, fashion shows are held in various parts of the city, focusing on local and foreign designers.|
|Country Music Marathon (English)||A marathon and a half marathon will be held in April, attracting participants from around the world. The number of participants in 2012 was about 30,000.|
|Iroquois Stiplechase||In May, a race for horse racing will be held at Percy Warner Park (English version).|
|CMA Music Festival||During the four-day event in June, country music stars gather and not only concerts, but also sign and exchange parties as well as various other events are held.|
|Nashville Pride (English)||In June, a LGBT enlightenment event in Central Tennessee will be held at Public Square Park. In 2015, it attracted about 15,000 - 20,000 people, the highest number of participants since the first event.|
|Let Freedom Singh!||On July 4, Independence Day, a festival, a live event and a fireworks display will be held at Riverfront Park.|
|Tomato Art Festival||In August, a tomato-related art event will be held at East Nashville.|
|African Street Festival||It will be held on the campus of Tennessee State University in September.|
|Live on the Green Music Festival (English)||In August and September, a free concert will be held at the Public Square Park, sponsored by the local radio station Lightning 100.|
|Tennessee State Fair||For nine days in September, state fairs such as festivals, amusement parks, rodeos and tractor drawing competitions are held on the state fairground.|
|Celebrity Nashville Cultural Festival||In October, at the Centennial Park, the Chubu Tennessee's largest, free, international cultural event, including music, stages, food and drinks, and shops. At booths in Japan, yukata is worn as a test, origami, calligraphy, and traditional toy exhibitions are held.|
|Nashville October Fest||In October, a free event is held at German Town, where German beer and restaurants are sold.|
|Southern Festival of Books||In October, events such as reading aloud, panel display, author's sign party and book sales will be held.|
|CMA Awards||In November, Bridgestone Arena holds the largest award ceremony for country music, which will be broadcast on TV all over the country.|
|Véterans Day Parade||From 11:11:11:11 seconds on November 11, a parade has been held on Broadway since 1951. The focus is on the 101st Airborne Division (Heliborne), Tennessee Soldier, today's veteran, military aircraft flight, tanks, motorbikes, emergency relief vehicles and marching bands.|
Nicknames are given from various perspectives:
- Music City USA: In 1950, David Cobb, an announcer for the radio station WSM-AM, started using the station and became a regular one. It is currently officially used by the Nashville Tourist Office. Nashville is the home of live broadcasting "Grand All Open," and has a country music hall and many other record companies. It is said to have originated in 1874 when Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, who heard the performance of Fisk Jubilee Singers, said, "These young people must come from the music city (Music City)." CITEREFfisk2-12007
- Athens in the South: In 1897, the Parthenon was reproduced at full scale at the occasion of the 100th Anniversary Expo of the State System, and this nickname was given because there are many classic buildings in the city. The name was widely used by Philip Linsley (1786-1855), the president of Nashville University, but it is not clear whether the name was first given.
- A buckle of the Protestant Vatican or the Bible Belt: In the city there are more than 700 churches, several schools of Shinto, many companies related to Christian Music, the Southern Baptist Federation (Lifestyle Christian Resources), the United Methodist Church (United Methodist Publishing House), the National Baptist Convention (Sunday School Publishing Board), and other Christian publishers' headquarters. The National Baptist Convention, the National Association of Free Will Baptist, the International Gideon Association, the Gospel Music Association, and the headquarters of Thomas Nelson, the world's largest Bible publisher.
- Cash Building: Young Back's album "Straight Outta Cashville" became a hit and the nickname spread among young people.
- Little Cardistan: There are about 11,000 Kurds and the population of the Kurds is large.
- Nash Vegas or Nash Vegas: Live music is played every day in downtown and is named after Las Vegas as many tourists visit.
It is also known as 'the capital of hot chicken' because it is known for hot chicken. The Music City Hot Chicken Festival is held every year and many restaurants offer hot chicken, a spicy version of the southern fried chicken.
Nashville Levels joined the American Football League in 1938. The Arena Football League has two Nashville Cats, one active from 1997 to 2001, and later sold to Atlanta to change its name to Georgia Force (English). The other, which was active from 2005 to 2007, was dissolved. The Fairgrounds Speedway (English), the second oldest circuit in the United States, is available. There are three Little League teams, and they have often entered the Little League World Series, and in 2012, Goodletzville's Little League has been participating in the Nashville metropolitan area for the third consecutive year since it entered the World Series. Incidentally, in 2012, he advanced to the finals and was defeated by Kitasuna, Tokyo.
Nashville has several professional sports teams, including the NFL's Tennessee Titans and the NHL's Nashville Predator. It is also the home of the Nashville Sounds (Minor League) in the Major League. The company also owns the Fairgrounds Speedway, which is a circuit yard for the NASCAR Wilen All-American Series.
|Team Name||Genre||league||facility||founding year|
|Tennessee Titans||Football||National Football League||Nissan Stadium||1960|
|Nashville Predator||ice hockey||National Hockey League||Bridgestone Arena||1997|
|Nashville Sounds||Baseball||Pacific Coast League||First Tennessee Park||1978|
|Nashville Venom||Indoor football||Professional Indoor Football League||Nashville Municipal Auditorium||2013|
|Nashville SC||Football||Major League Soccer||Nissan Stadium||2020|
There are four teams from the National University Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I. Nashville also hosts the NCAA College Football Music City Bowl.
|Team Name||Division||Conference||Major Facilities|
|Vanderbilt University |
|Division I |
|South Eastern Conference||Vanderbilt Stadium (football)|
Memorial Gym Nadium (basketball)
Hawkins Field (Baseball)
|Tennessee State University |
Tennessee State Tigers
|Division I |
|Ohio Valley Conference||Nissan Stadium (football)|
Gentry Center (basketball)
|University of Belmont |
|Division I |
|Ohio Valley Conference||Curve Event Center|
|Lipscomb University |
|Division I |
|Atlantic Sun Conference||Allen Arena|
Parks and gardens
The Nashville Park Station owns and operates 99 parks and sidewalks in 10,200 acres (4,100 ha), or more than three percent of the total area of Davidson County.
Warner Parks is a park of 2,684 acres (1,086 ha) with 5,000 square feet (460 m²) learning center, 20-mile (32 km) landscape road, 12-mile (19 km) hiking trail, and 10-mile (16 km) equestrian path. Iroquois Staple Chase is held every year.
Fishing, waterskiing, sailing, boats and so on can be enjoyed on Lake Old Hickory and Lake Percy Preest, which are managed by the United States Army Headquarters. The Harbor Island Yacht Club is based on the former, the Vanderbilt Sailing Club and Nashville Shores are based on the latter.
Other examples include Centennial Park, Shelby Park, Cumberland Park, and Lake Radner State Natural District.
On Aug. 27, 2013, Mayor Carl Dean announced two new park plans: west and east along the downtown Cumberland River. Construction of the east coast started in the fall of 2013, and the west coast was completed in 2015. Plans to build long-awaited outdoor music halls in both parks led to the 12-acre (4.9 ha) park built on the site of the West Bank power plant. The audience will be included in the 2,500 seats, the maximum capacity of 6,500 seats, and on a gentle hill overlooking the stage. From the park on the east coast of 4.5 acres (1.8 ha) you can get off to the dock of the Cumberland River. The mayor said, "If it is completed, the place where the power plant was located will be a proud place for the citizens to enjoy for generations."
In 1963, Davidson County and Nashville City merged to resolve the sprawl phenomenon. The government after the merger is named "Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County" and the residents call it "Metro Nashville" or "Metro". It supplies police, fire, electricity and water and sewage. After Metro was established in 1963, the supply was divided into two: 'Urban Service District' of the original site of the city and 'General Service District' of about 190 km2 (72mi2) and 'General Service District' of the other areas in the county. There are six independent cities in the metro area: Bell Mead, Berry Hill, Forest Hills (Tennessee)|Forest Hills, Oak Hill (Tennessee), Goodletzville (part), Ridgetope (part) (Tennessee) (part), and Metro (part) (part), all of which are provided by the two-layer government system, provided by the metro, except for the police authority that is controlled independently. In the past, Lakewood (Tennessee State) (English) was also a two-layer government, but the Metro Integrated was decided by the vote in 2010 and 2011 to eliminate the independent administration.
The Nashville administration will be held by the mayor, vice mayor and 40 members of the House of Representatives. The current mayor is David Brie (English) and the vice mayor is Sheri Weiner. Thirty-five members of the House of Representatives will be elected from single-seat constituencies and five from all of the constituencies. The Diet is held at 6 p.m. on the first and third Tuesday of each month.
The Supreme Court of Tennessee in central Tennessee is located.
Even if Tennessee is a Republican, Nashville is a Democratic supporter at the latest from Reconstructor. Some of the wealthy in the city are Republican, while the majority of the citizens are Democratic.
Only three times in the presidential election were the candidates not elected to the Democratic Party of Japan in Davidson County after the reconstruction. In 1968, George Wallace, a third-party candidate, won support of 35.1%. In 1972, Richard Nixon won 61% of the support and became the first Republican candidate since the reconstruction. In 1988, Republican candidate George H. W. Bush won 52% support.
Despite Tennessee Democratic candidate Al Gore won 59% of Nashville in the 2000 U.S. presidential election, Tennessee Republican candidate George W. Bush was chosen in Tennessee. In the 2004 U.S. presidential election, Democratic candidate John Kerry won 55% in Nashville while Republican candidate George W. Bush was chosen in Tennessee. In the 2008 U.S. presidential election, Democratic candidate Barack Obama won 60% in Nashville while Republican candidate John McCain was chosen in Tennessee.
One of the reasons why Nashville is called "Athens in the South" is that there are many universities. The universities and colleges in Nashville are:
|university name||partner||enrollment number|
|American Baptist College|
|Akinas College||Roman Catholick|
|University of Belmont||6,647|
|University of Fisk||United Church of Christ (Historical Black University)||600|
|John A. Gapton College|
|Lipscomb University||Church of Christ||4,278|
|Mehhari Medical University||United Methodist Church (Historical Black University)||700|
|Nashville Law School|
|Nashville Auto Diesel College Training Center|
|Nashville State Community College||9,853|
|Tennessee State University||(Historical Black University)||10,389|
|University of Trevecca Nazaren||Nazareth||2,345|
|Watkins College of Art, Design & Film||400|
|Welch College||Free Will Baptiz||338|
Murfreeze Boro, about 48 km (30 miles) from Nashville, has Middle Tennessee State University (MTU), the state's largest public university in Tennessee. The number of students who entered Nashville after secondary education is approximately 43,000 every year. Including MTSU, the University of Cumberland (Lebanon), the College of Volunteer State Communities (Galatin), the University of Dimer and the College of Omoa of Design (Franklin), the number of students in the Metropolitan Statistical Area of Nashville is 74,000. Approximately 64km (40 miles) of Austin PY State University (Clarksville) and Columbia State Community College (Colombia) have enrollment of 13,600.
The Nashville has four historical Black Universities (HBCU) in English: Fisk University, Tennessee State University, Mehri Medical University, and American Baptist College.
Nashville's daily newspaper is "Tenesian." Until 1998, the company had been competing with 'Nashville Banner,' which was co-operated in the same building. Until 2013, "City Paper," a free daily newspaper, was also read, but now "Tenesian" is the most popular one. The on line "NashvillePost.com" competes with a daily paper on the paper. A weekly booklet called "Nashville Pride," "Nashville Business Journal," "Nashville Scene," and "Tennessee Tribune" have also been published. Historically, "Tenesian" was politically liberal, and "banners" were conservative and handed down to "City Paper." The "scenes" deal with entertainment articles, and the "pride" is aimed at the development of the region and business people.
Nashville has 11 TV stations. Many families watch cable TVs, and the comcast is the majority of Davidson County, but not all. Nashville is the 29th largest TV market in the United States.
Nashville has cable TV stations such as Country Music Television (CMT). The CMT's main control room is in Viacom, New York. "Top 20 Countdown" and "CMT Insider" are shot in Nashville's studio. The Shop at Home Network, which was based in Nashville for a while, was closed in 2008.
It is the 44th largest radio market in the U.S. with dozens of FM and AM radio stations, including university radio and shortwave community broadcasting. The WSM-FM for 95.5FM is owned by the CamRas media. The WSM-AM, which is broadcast from Opelyland, is owned by the Gaylord Entertainment Company and can be heard on 650AM or on line WSM Online throughout the United States. WSM is known for broadcasting "Grand All Open." The 1510AM's WLAC was a Clear Channel Talk Station sponsored by the Life and Casual Insurance Company of Tennessee. The competitor, WWTN, is owned by the Chorus media.
Famous films such as "Green Mile," "Last Castle," "Gamo," "Things Called Love," "Two Weeks," "Sing! For the Love of Loretta," "Nashville," and "Country Strong," were shot in Nashville. On TV, a series of drama "Nashville," which is shot in various parts of the city on ABC, is broadcast all over the United States.
Nashville is located in the center of the intersection of Interstate Expressway Route 40, 24 and 65. Track 440 connects with each other south of downtown. Briley Street runs along National Route 155 to the north. Major roads that radiate from the central part of the city, such as Clarksville Pike, Gallatin Pike, Lebanon Pike, Murfreeze Boro Pike, and Franklin Pike, are given the names of neighboring cities as "pike."
The Nashville Metro Transit Authority has operated MTA buses in the city from the newly built downtown hub. The Bus Rapid Transit is planning to expand new routes, and plans to build new trains in the future.
Nashville is considered one of the Piedmont Atlantic Mega Region (English).
The Nashville International Airport (BNA), a hub for American Airlines from 1986 to 1995, is currently focusing on Southwest Airlines. In 2011, 4,673,047 passengers were the 34th in the U.S. Major airlines, including American Airlines, Delta Airlines, Frontier Airlines, Southwest Airlines, United Airlines, US Airways and Air Canada, are on the train. AirTran Airlines is also operating experimentally.
Although there are no direct flights with Japan at present, direct flights are being considered as a result of the expansion of business between Nissan and Bridgestone and the expansion of many Japanese companies.
Although it is the main hub of the CSX Transportation Co., Ltd., as of 2015 Nashville does not have an Amtrak train running as an inter-city operation line, and as of 2015 it is connected to Indianapolis, Chicago and St. Louis by a connecting bus. The Amtrak used the Union Station of Nashville until October 9, 1979, and ran the train Florida to connect Chicago and Florida via Louisville and Nashville, Kentucky.
Although there have been calls at Nashville for the resumption of Amtrak, it remains unclear for a long time, and although the network could attract more visitors if it were expanded, there are no prospects for the resumption due to the state's economic reasons.
On September 18, 2006, the train music City Star for commuting to school started its operation. It connects Nashville Riverfront in downtown Lebanon and Nashville. We are currently considering the possibility of connectivity with Clarksville, Murfreesboro and Gallatin.
The FRA's response to the Federal Railway Administration Office's duty to introduce the Positive Train Control (PTC) is one of the challenges facing the Japan National Traffic Safety Commission's recommendation in 2008. The Nashville Regional Transportation Authority (RTA) and Nashville & Eastern Railway Company have shown a plan to reduce the operating speed of the FRA and avoid PTC's application conditions, saying that PTC cannot be implemented on the Music City Star Commuter Railway by the end of 2018 due to financial problems. In response to the PTC's request for a permanent exemption, Congressmen sent a letter to Ron Bartley's FRA manager in the joint name asking for a waiver. In order to continue passenger and freight rail transportation, the FRA should not be exempted from PTC, but rather step in to reinforce regulations and support the compliance of railway companies' laws. The parliament has approved the PTC grant and is expected to make a budget, and will raise additional funds in the fiscal year 2019.
The main bridge of Nashville is shown below:
|official name||Alias||Length||opening period|
|Gateway Bridge||Korean War Memorial Bridge||510 meters (1,660 feet)||May 19, 2004|
|Kelly Miller Smith Bridge||Jefferson Street Bridge||March 2, 1994|
|Old Hickory Bridge||1929|
|Martin Luther King Jr. Bridge||board bridge||September 18, 1980|
|Shelby Street Bridge (English)||Shelby Avenue Bridge||960 meters (3,150 feet)||July 5, 1909|
|Siriman Evans Bridge||720 meters (2,362 feet)||1963|
|Victory Memorial Bridge||July 2, 1956|
|William Goodwin Bridge||Hobson Pike Bridge||675 m (2,215 feet)|
|Woodland Street Bridge||195 m (639 ft)|
a person who is a native of Japan
Here are some people from Nashville (including those who have only lived here). First name, last name, group name, etc., in alphabetical order.
Nashville is actively participating in the sister city program and is affiliated with the following cities:
- Belfast (UK, Northern Ireland)
- Caen (France, Bus-Normandy region)
- Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
- Macdeburg, Germany, Saxony-Anhalt
- Mendoza (Mendoza, Argentine Republic)
- Taibara City (Shanxi Province, People's Republic of China)
- Tamworth (Australia, New South Wales)
- Partner City
- Hirotsu Ward (Seoul Special City, Republic of Korea)
- Kamakura City (Kanagawa Prefecture)
- international friendship city
- Clowie (France, Picardi area)
- Mutual United in Friendship
- El Port de la Serva, Catalonia, Spain
- In 1975, he recorded his album at Cherish-Nashville.
- In 1988, Ishigami I Taiko Hozonkai Senba Taiko - USA International Fair Performance
- 1988, Yoshio ONO - appeared in the Grand All-Open in 1960
- In 1988, Kenji NAGATOMI appeared in the Grand All Open Competition.
- 1993: Mitsuko MURAGUCHI - Irish dance dancer
- 2013: Reizu SAKA - Satsuma biwa player
- , Toshiro TAKIYAMA
- ^ Consolidated refers to the total population of Davidson County, and indicates that the population is adjusted except for the independent cities of the Nashville Davidson region.
- ^ The data in this section includes independent administrative cities such as Bell Mead and Berry Hill. The population excluding the independent cities of the Nashville Davidson area is described as adjusted.
- ^ a significant increase in the population statistics from 1960 to 1970 was due to the merger of Nashville and Davidson County in 1963
- ^ "John Cooper sworn in as Nashville mayor, pledges to make city that 'works for everyone'". The Tennessean, September 28, 2019. On February 18, 2020, it was read.
- ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County — County Subdivision and Place: 2010 Census Summary File 1". Census.gov (2010). On February 28, 2015:
- ^ a b c d e "State/County Summary - State & County QuickFacts - Davidson County, Tennessee" (English). United States Census Bureau (July 1, 2017). On April 26, 2018, it was read.
- ^ a b c d "State/County Summary - Nashville Davidson Region, Adjusted (State & County QuickFacts - Nashville-Davidson (balance) )" (English). United States Census Bureau (July 1, 2016). Read on May 25, 2017.
- ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017". The United States Census Bureau (March 2018). On April 26, 2018, it was read.
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Read on June 7, 2011.
- ^ a "Population estimate: April 1, 2010 - July 1, 2017 - United States - Statistical Area; Include Puerto Rico (Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017 - United States - Combined Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico)". The United States Census Bureau (March 2018). On April 27, 2018:
- ^ SP1L132 2007, p. 132.
- ^ a b cDr. Carole Bucy, "A Short History of the Creation of Metropolitan Government for Nashville", Nashville Metro Government, 2015
- ^ Morales, Lymari; Daly, Joe (March 29, 2012). Oklahoma City Leads Large Cities in Job Creation. The GallupFebruary 9, 2017.
- ^ Jankowski, Paul (January 23, 2013). "Nashville Is Nowville...And Has Been For A While". ForbesFebruary 9, 2017.
- ^ "Nowville: The GQ Guide to Nashville, Tennessee". GQ (July 2, 2012). Read on February 9, 2017.
- ^ Severson, Kim (January 8, 2013). "Nashville's Latest Big Hit Could Be the City Itself". The New York TimesFebruary 9, 2017.
- ^ Garrison, Joey (September 22, 2015). "Barry picks 'We make Nashville' as inauguration theme". The TennesseanMay 31, 2017.
- ^ "Mayoral candidate Megan Barry performs 1st wedding for same-sex couple in Nashville". WJHL.com. (June 26, 2015)
- ^ "The fastest-growing urban economies in 2016 are Grand Rapids, Orlando and Nashville. Economic delays are Fastest Growing Large Metro Economies Of 2016 Are Grand Rapids, Orlando, Nashville; Slowest Are Oklahoma, Houston, New Orleans)". Headlight Data (July 5, 2017). Viewed on July 9, 2017.
- ^ De Lombaerde, Geert (December 1, 2016). "Freddy Mac, the most prosperous housing market in the U.S. is still Nashville and Express (Freddie Mac says Nashville still hottest housing market in U.S.)" (English). Nashville Post
- ^ "Elevations and Distances in the United States". USGS.gov (2001). Read on August 3, 2011.
- ^ "Nashville Weather". NashvilleFlights.com. January 29, 2010:
- ^ a "Average Percent Sunshine through 2009". NOAA.gov. National Climatic Data Center. On November 14, 2012, it was read.
- ^ "Snowstorms Producing at Least 6" at Nashville". NOAA.gov (November 17, 2009). Viewed on December 30, 2009.
- ^ "Nashville Relative Humidity". Cityrating.com. Read on August 4, 2008.
- ^ GaleR 2006, p. 511.
- ^ "USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map". Planthardiness.ars.usda.gov. Read on September 5, 2013.
- ^ Buchanan, Joy (March 21, 2007). "Nashville's an allergy leader, but it's not alone". The TennesseanMarch 21, 2007.
- ^ Spring Allergy Capitals 2008 (PDF). AAFA.org. Read on April 29, 2008.
- ^ "Calendar of Significant Weather Events in Middle Tennessee". NOAA.gov (August 3, 2009). Read on September 22, 2009.
- ^ Climatological Information for Nashville, United States Hong Kong Observatory. Read on May 13, 2010.
- ^ "Nashville, TN (Monthly Averages for Nashville, TN)". Weather.com. Read on September 26, 2010.
- ^ "Gallery: Grand opening for Pinnacle tower". Nashville Business Journal. (February 11, 2010)February 17, 2010.
- ^ The $2.326 billion downtown high rise building at Bridgestone Headquarters created 607 new jobs (Bridgestone's $232.6M downtown HQ high-rise to create 607 new jobs)
- ^ American FactFinder, United States Census Bureauhttp://factfinder.census.gov 31-January 2008.
- ^ a b "ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates: 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". the United States Census Bureau On April 27, 2018:
- ^ a b c d "Table 43 Tennessee - Major Cities and Other Races and Hispanics: Population Census of Early Period to 1990 (Table 43. Tennessee - Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Large Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990)" (English). United States Census Bureau (July 13, 2005) On April 27, 2018:
- ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from original as of October 19, 2016. Read on May 31, 2016.
- ^ Gibson, Campbell (June 1998). "Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places In The U.S.: 1790 to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from original as of March 14, 2007. Read on August 3, 2011.
- ^ "Ranking Tables for Incorporated Places of 100,000 or More: 1990 and 2000". U.S. Census Bureau (April 2, 2001). Read on June 18, 2009.
- ^ Population estimates, July 1, 2017 (V2017)" On April 27, 2018:
- ^ a b 15% of the samples.
- ^ "Davidson County, Tennessee: 2007-2009 Characteristics of America's Representative Society (Davidson County, Tennessee: Selected Social Characteristics in the United States: 2007-2009" (English). Census.gov) (2009). Read on August 3, 2011.
- ^ "Davidson County, Tennessee: 2007-2009 Population and Housing Detail Profile (Davidson County, Tennessee: Population and Housing Narrative Profile: 2007-2009)" (English). Census.gov (2009). Read on August 3, 2011.
- ^ "Nashville-Davidson County metropolitan government: Selected Economic Characteristics: 2007-2011". Census.gov (2011). On November 13, 2013, it was read.
- ^ Swarns, Rachel L (July 20, 2003). "U.S. a Place of Miracles for Somali Refugees". The New York TimesAugust 3, 2011.
- ^ "Nashville Refugee Population Grows". WSMV.com. (February 7, 2009)
- ^ "Final Report of the Immigrant Community Assessment". Nashville.gov (August 15, 2003). Archived from original as of May 31, 2010. Read on August 15, 2003.
- ^ a b Copeland, Larry (June 15, 2006). "Who's the biggest fish in the South?". USA todayAugust 3, 2011.
- ^ Echegaray, Chris (January 1, 2009). "Newest refugees hail from Bhutan". The Tennessean
- ^ Alligood, Leon (January 11, 2005). "Local Iraqis ready to vote but worried about process". The Tennessean. Original archive as of January 11, 2005.
- ^ "2015 Nashville and Middle Tennessee Jewish Community Study (pdf)". Maurice and Marilyn Cohen Center for Modern Jewish Studies, Brandeis University (2016). Read on September 6, 2016.
- ^ "Metropolitan Statistical Areas and Components, November 2004, With Codes". Census.gov (March 2005). Read on August 3, 2011.
- ^ "Country Music Labels". ClubNashville.com. Archived from original as of August 8, 2007. Read on August 8, 2007.
- ^ "Hoedown on a Harpsichord". Time. (November 14, 1960)August 3, 2011.
- ^ "Nashville's Music Industry Worth $6.38 Billion". MI2N.com. (January 11, 2006)August 3, 2011.
- ^ Hill, Melanie (September 12, 2011). "Nashville's Health-Care Industry has Great Prognosis". Businessclimate.com. Original archive as of March 8, 2013.
- ^ Genova, Jane (December 17, 2010). "Hospital Corporation of America (HCA) has 4,000 Job Openings". AOL Jobs. Original archive as of March 8, 2013.
- ^ Williams, Tiffany L. (April 12, 2012). "Nashville's Premier Medical Services Keep Health-Care Industry Booming". Businessclimate.com. Original archive as of March 8, 2013.
- ^ "Goo Goo Cluster - A Real Milk Chocolate Original Southern Treat!". Googoo.com (August 13, 2013). Read on September 5, 2013.
- ^ "Dell to Expand Nashville Operations; Increase Area Workforce By Up to 1,000 Employees" (press release), Dell.com, (June 2, 2006), original archive as of January 16, 2009. December 16, 2008.
- ^ Badenhausen, Kurt (August 7, 2013). "Best Places For Business and Careers". Forbes. Archived from original as of January 14, 2014. On January 13, 2014, it was read.
- ^ CAFR2014 2014.
- ^ BrownH 2012.
- ^ Romine2006-117 2006, pp. 117-120.
- ^ Guier 2007, pp. 118-129.
- ^ Davidson2005 2005, p. 31.
- ^ "Nashville Fashion Week". nashvillefasionweek.com. Read on June 13, 2013.
- ^ Staff, June 27, 2015. "Nashville Pride 2015 Draws Jubilant Crowds". Out & About Nashville. Read on July 5, 2015.
- ^ Lori Grisham, June 9, 2015. "Nashville vies with New York for largest U.S. fireworks show". USA Today. Read on July 5, 2015.
- ^ "Home". Tomato Art Festival. Read on May 29, 2016.
- ^ "African American Cultural Alliance". www.aacanashville.org. Read on May 29, 2016.
- ^ "Nashville's Veterans Day Parade - HOME". Nashvillesveteransdayparade.com. On October 23, 2011, it was read.
- ^ "Music City, U.S.A.". BMI.com. Archived from original as of July 7, 2001. Read on July 7, 2001.
- ^ Guier 2007, pp. 13, 35, 396.
- ^ "Nashville Area Churches". NashCity.com. Read on April 30, 2008.
- ^ Miller, Rachel L (April 14, 2008). "Nashville: Sophisticated Southern City with a Country Edge". RoadandTravel.com. Read on April 30, 2008.
- ^ Silverman 2005.
- ^ Demsky, Ian; Avila, Oscar (30th December 2004). "Iraqis to cast votes in Nashville". The Tennessean and Chicago Tribune
- ^ Asimov, Eric (July 6, 1997). "True Grits in Nashville". The New York TimesJanuary 22, 2010.
- ^ Talbott, Chris (March 27, 2013). "Burning desire: Hot chicken takes over Nashville". news.yahoo.comNovember 12, 2013.
- ^ Olmsted, Larry (November 3, 2011). "Scorching Hot Fried Chicken in Nashville". ABC NewsNovember 12, 2013.
- ^ Cornett, Alan (July 3, 2013). "Chicken That Lights You Up: Bolton's Spicy Chicken & Fish of Nashville". Pinstripe Pulpit. On November 12, 2013, it was read.
- ^ "Music City Hot Chicken Festival". Archived from original as of November 13, 2013. On November 12, 2013, it was read.
- ^ Bundgaard, Chris (August 27, 2013). "Amphitheater, more parks planned for Nashville riverfront". WKRN.comOctober 29, 2017.
- ^ Maldonado, Charles (November 21, 2010). "Metro's two-tiered revenue system raises taxing questions". The City PaperFebruary 5, 2015.
- ^ Humbles, Andy (April 15, 2011). "Residents Vote To Surrender Lakewood's Charter". NewsChannel5.com. Original archive as of March 20, 2011. August 3, 2011.
- ^ "Rein of Council redefines mayoral relationship". The City Paper. (April 9, 2004)August 3, 2011.
- ^ a b Garrison, Joey (March 6, 2018). "Meet David Briley, the man who will now become mayor after Megan Barry's resignation". The TennesseanMarch 6, 2018.
- ^ Kreyling1996 1996.
- ^ "American Baptist College Designated as HBCU". The Tennessee Tribune. (April 18, 2013). Original archive as of July 15, 2014. January 4, 2014.
- ^ "Market Profiles". TVB.org. Archived from original as of August 7, 2011. Read on August 3, 2011.
- ^ Romine2006-32 2006, pp. 32.
- ^ "Piedmont Atlantic Megaregion (PAM)". GATech.edu (2009). Archived from original as of September 27, 2010. Read on September 27, 2010.
- ^ "Primary Airports based on Preliminary CY2011 Enplanements". FAA.gov (2011). Read on August 1, 2012.
- ^ "Airline Information". Nashville International Airport. Read on August 1, 2012.
- ^ Sichko 2014.
- ^ Kenton, Malcolm. "Metropolitan and Amtrak: Nashville, Tennessee - Davidson - Murfreesboro - Franklin District (Amtrak Service by Metro Area: Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Franklin, TN MSA)" (English). National Association of Railroad Passengers. Archived from original as of December 27, 2013. Viewed on December 27, 2013. 37th place in population order, Amtrak Business Line = none
- ^ Amtrak Official Timetable 2015 Spring-Fall P.63,73
- ^ a b Howard, Kate (July 2, 2007). "Fans of rail want Amtrak here; Nashville not ready to support train service, state says". The TennesseanOctober 30, 2012.
- ^ a b "Recommend Rail Related Hotline #1,074:PTC Exemption to FRA (Hotline #1,074: FRA Warned On Issuing PTC Exemptions)" (English). Rail Passengers Association (July 6, 2018). Archived from Ltr to Batory re PTC Exemptions FINAL_B edits (002).pdf original as of January 10, 2019. January 10, 2019: It was read.
- ^ DeFazio, Peter; Capuano, Michael, Cohen, Steve; Cooper, Jim (left) (2018-06-21) (pdf). Letter to Mr. Bartley Final B (Ltr to Battery re PTC Inventions FINAL_B edits (002).pdf). Rail Passengers Association. Ltr to Batory re PTC Exemptions FINAL_B edits (002).pdf Original 2019-01-10 archive. January 10, 2019. ...
- ^ "Sister Cities of Nashville". SCNashville.org. Read on August 3, 2011.
- ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation" (French). Délégation pour l'Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires érès égères). Archived from original as of November 27, 2013. Viewed on December 26, 2013.
- ^ "Twin cities". Magdeburg.de. Archived from original as of September 1, 2012. Read on August 8, 2013. May 28, 2003 -
- ^ "A resolution authorizing friendly urban relations with Kamakura City in Japan and approving the Mayor's enforcement of the Charter of Friendly Cities (A resolution approving a Friendship City relationship with Kamakura, Japan and authorizing the Mayor to execute a Friendship City Charter): Substitute Resolution No. RS2014-1213" (English) (September 10, 2014). Archived from original as of September 7, 2015. Read on January 9, 2019.
- ^ Profile. cherish-cherish.jp. Archived from original as of April 8, 2015. Read on August 6, 2015.
- ^ "Nashville, Tennessee Honorary Citizen Award" senbadaiko.com. Archived from original as of March 4, 2016. Read on August 6, 2015.
- ^ Profile. yoshio-ohno.jp. Archived from original as of March 15, 2016. Read on August 6, 2015.
- ^ "Kenji Nagatomi and Tennessee Five: Introducing Members" k-country.com. Archived from original as of March 4, 2016. Read on August 6, 2015.
- ^ "The History of Country Dance: Dancing Feet - The Memories of Line Dance" country-dance.com (June 2002). Archived from original as of March 4, 2016. Read on August 6, 2015.
- ^ "A Wonderful Way to Live: A Life in Kamakura, Where You Keep Meeting Biwa" Passport (Kamakura City) 43: 1. (2013). Original archive as of September 26, 2015. August 6, 2015. ...
- ^ (pdf) About the 12th Mogan House Donation Concert. NPO's Association for the Protection of the Former Morgan Residence Original archive as of March 4, 2016. August 6, 2015. ...
- Brown Hunt, Katrina (July 2012). "America's Snobbiest Cities". Travel + LeisureJune 29, 2013. ...
- "Primary Employer: 10 years to date (Principal Employers: Current Year and Nine Years Ago)" (pdf). Annual Budget Comprehensive Financial Report: Due June 30, 2014 (Comprehensive Annual Financial Report For the Year Ended June 30, 2014). Nashville Metropolitan Government and Davidson County. (June 30, 2014). p. H-33July 18, 2015.
- Davidson, Carla (November-December 2005). "Singing City". American Heritage 56 (6). Original archive as of October 12, 2008. .
- "Fisk Jubilee Singers Celebrate 135 Year Tradition with "Walk of Fame" Honors" (PDF). Fisk 2 (1). (March 2007). Original archive as of July 10, 2007. .
- Gale Research (2006). Cities of the United States. 1 (5th ed.). Detroit: Thomson-Gale. ISBN 0-7876-7369-2
- Guier, Cindy Stooksbury; Finch, Jackie Sheckler (2007). Insiders' Guide to Nashville (6th ed.). Guilford, CT: Globe Pequot. ISBN 0-7627-4186-4
- Kreyling, Christine M; Paine, Wesley; Warterfield, Charles W; Wiltshire, Susan Ford (1996). Classical Nashville: Athens of the South. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press. ISBN 0-585-13200-3
- Cumfer, Cynthia (2007). Separate peoples, one land: The minds of Cherokees, Blacks, and Whites on the Tennessee frontier. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 9780807831519
- Romine, Linda (2006). Frommer's Nashville & Memphis (7th ed.). Hoboken: Wiley. ISBN 0-471-77614-9
- Sichko, Adam (November 12, 2014). Nashville landed Bridgestone. Can Bridgestone bring us a flight to Tokyo?. Nashville Business Journal .
- Silverman, Jack (September 22, 2005). "Cashville Underground". Nashville Scene 24 (34)December 16, 2010. ...
- Carey, Bill (2000). Fortunes, Fiddles, & Fried Chicken: A Nashville Business History. Franklin, TN: Hillsboro Press. ISBN 1-57736-178-4
- Duke, Jan (2005). Historic Photos of Nashville. Nashville, TN: Turner. ISBN 978-1-59652-184-1
- Durham, Walter T (2008). Nashville: The Occupied City, 1862-1863. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press. ISBN 1-57233-633-1
- Durham, Walter T (2008). Reluctant Partners: Nashville and the Union, 1863-1865. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press. ISBN 1-57233-634-X
- Egerton, John; et al., eds (1979). Nashville: The Faces of Two Centuries, 1780-1980. Nashville, TN: PlusMedia. LCCN 79-89173. OCLC 5875892
- Egerton, John; et al., eds (2001). Nashville: An American Self-Portrait. Nashville, TN: Beaten Biscuit. ISBN 0-9706702-1-4
- Haugen, Ashley D (2009). Historic Photos of Nashville in the 50s, 60s and 70s. Nashville, TN: Turner. ISBN 978-1-59652-539-9
- Houston, Benjamin (2012). The Nashville Way: Racial Etiquette and the Struggle for Social Justice in a Southern City. Athens: University of Georgia Press. ISBN 978-0820343273
- Lovett, Bobby L (1999). African-American History of Nashville, Tennessee, 1780-1930: Elites and Dilemmas. University of Arkansas Press. ISBN 1-55728-555-1
- McGuire, Jim (2007). Historic Photos of the Opry: Ryman Auditorium, 1974. Nashville, TN: Turner. ISBN 978-1-59652-373-9
- Potter, Susanna H (2008). Nashville & Memphis. Moon Handbooks. Berkeley, CA: Avalon Travel. ISBN 978-1-59880-102-6
- Romine, Linda (2006). Nashville & Memphis. Frommer Guides (7th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Frommer's. ISBN 0-471-77614-9
- Wooldridge, John; et al., eds (1890). History of Nashville, Tennessee. Nashville, TN: Methodist Episcopal Church, South. LCCN 76-27605. OCLC 316211313
- Zepp, George R (2009). Hidden History of Nashville. Charleston, SC: History Press. ISBN 978-1-59629-792-0
- Winders, Jamie. Nashville in the New Millennium: Immigrant Settlement, Urban Transformation, and Social Belonging (Russell Sage Foundation; 2013) 340 pages; a study of Hispanic immigrants
- List of State Register of Historic Places in Davidson County, Tennessee
- Nashville City Official Website (English)
- Japanese government
- Japanese Consulate General in Nashville (English)
- Nashville Tourist Office
- Tennessee Tourist Office - Nashville (English) (German) (Spanish)
- Nashville Chamber of Commerce (English)
- History of Nashville (English)
- Nashville Timeline in English by Nashville City Library in Nashville, Davidson County